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中华人民共和国出境入境管理法

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Order of thePresident of the People’s Republic of China

No. 57

The Exit and EntryAdministration Law of the People’s Republic of China,adopted at the 27th meeting of the StandingCommittee of the Eleventh National People’s Congress of the People’s Republicof China on June 30, 2012, and is hereby promulgated and shall come into forceas of July 1, 2013.

HuJintao

President ofthe People’s Republic of China

June 30,2012

中华人民共和国出境入境管理法

Exitand Entry Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China

(2012年6月30日第十一届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十七次会议通过)

(Adopted at the27th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People’sCongress on June 30, 2012)

目录 Contents

第一章Chapter I General Provisions

第二章中国公民出境入境Chapter II Exit and Entryof Chinese Citizens

第三章外国人入境出境Chapter III Entry and Exit of Foreigners

第一节签证Section 1 Visa

第二节入境出境Section 2 Entry and Exit

第四章外国人停留居留ChapterIV Stay and Residence of Foreigners

第一节停留居留Section 1 Stay and Residence

第二节永久居留Section 2 Permanent Residence

第五章交通运输工具出境入境边防检查

ChapterV Border Inspection of Transport Vehicles Exiting/Entering China

第六章调查和遣返ChapterVI Investigation and Repatriation

第七章法律责任Chapter VII Legal Liabilities

第八章ChapterVIII Supplementary Provisions

第一章Chapter IGeneral Provisions

第一条为了规范出境入境管理,维护中华人民共和国的主权、安全和社会秩序,促进对外交往和对外开放,制定本法。

Article 1 In order to regulate exit/entry administration,safeguard the sovereignty, security and social order of the People’s Republicof China, and promote foreign exchanges and opening to the outside world, thisLaw is hereby formulated.

第二条中国公民出境入境、外国人入境出境、外国人在中国境内停留居留的管理,以及交通运输工具出境入境的边防检查,适用本法。

Article 2 This Law is applicable to the administration ofexit and entry of Chinese citizens, entry and exit of foreigners, stay andresidence of foreigners in China, and the exit/entry border inspection oftransport vehicles.

第三条国家保护中国公民出境入境合法权益。

Article 3 The State protects Chinese citizens’ legitimaterights and interests of exiting and entering the country.

在中国境内的外国人的合法权益受法律保护。在中国境内的外国人应当遵守中国法律,不得危害中国国家安全、损害社会公共利益、破坏社会公共秩序。

The legitimate rights and interests of foreigners inChina shall be protected by laws. Foreigners in China shall abide by theChinese laws, and shall not endanger China’s national security, harm publicinterests and disrupt social and public order.

第四条公安部、外交部按照各自职责负责有关出境入境事务的管理。

Article 4 The Ministry of Public Security and theMinistry of Foreign Affairs shall, within the scope of their respective responsibilities,be responsible for administering exit/entry affairs.

中华人民共和国驻外使馆、领馆或者外交部委托的其他驻外机构(以下称驻外签证机关)负责在境外签发外国人入境签证。出入境边防检查机关负责实施出境入境边防检查。县级以上地方人民政府公安机关及其出入境管理机构负责外国人停留居留管理。

Embassies and consulates of the People’s Republic ofChina and other institutions stationed abroad entrusted by the Ministry ofForeign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as “the visa-issuing authoritiesabroad”) shall be responsible for issuance of entry visas to foreigners.Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall be responsible for carrying outexit/entry border inspection. Public security organs under local people’sgovernments at or above the county level and their exit/entry administrationsshall be responsible for the administration of the stay and residence offoreigners.

公安部、外交部可以在各自职责范围内委托县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构、县级以上地方人民政府外事部门受理外国人入境、停留居留申请。

The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry ofForeign Affairs may, within the scope of their respective responsibilities,entrust exit/entry administrations of public security organs or foreign affairsdepartments under local people’s governments at or above the county level toaccept foreigners’ applications for entry, stay and residence in China.

公安部、外交部在出境入境事务管理中,应当加强沟通配合,并与国务院有关部门密切合作,按照各自职责分工,依法行使职权,承担责任。

In the administration of exit/entry affairs, the Ministryof Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall strengthencommunication and cooperation, cooperate closely with relevant departmentsunder the State Council, and exercise functions and powers and bear liabilitieswithin the scope of their respective responsibilities in accordance with thelaw.

第五条国家建立统一的出境入境管理信息平台,实现有关管理部门信息共享。

Article 5 The State shall establish a uniform exit/entryadministration information platform to share information among relevantadministrative departments.

第六条国家在对外开放的口岸设立出入境边防检查机关。

Article 6 The State shall establishexit/entry border inspection authorities at the ports open to foreigncountries.

中国公民、外国人以及交通运输工具应当从对外开放的口岸出境入境,特殊情况下,可以从国务院或者国务院授权的部门批准的地点出境入境。出境入境人员和交通运输工具应当接受出境入境边防检查。

Chinese citizens, foreigners as well as transportvehicles shall exit or enter China via the ports open to foreign countries, orvia the places approved by the State Council or by the departments authorizedby the State Council under special circumstances. Personnel and transportvehicles that exit or enter China shall be subject to exit/entry borderinspection.

出入境边防检查机关负责对口岸限定区域实施管理。根据维护国家安全和出境入境管理秩序的需要,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境人员携带的物品实施边防检查。必要时,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境交通运输工具载运的货物实施边防检查,但是应当通知海关。

Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall beresponsible for relevant administration work in the restricted zones of ports.On the basis of the need for safeguarding national security and maintaining theorder of exit/entry administration, exit/entry border inspection authoritiesmay conduct border inspection on the belongings of the persons who exit orenter China. When necessary, exit/entry border inspection authorities mayconduct border inspection on the goods carried by transport vehicles that exitor enter China. However, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall notifythe Customs of such inspections.

第七条经国务院批准,公安部、外交部根据出境入境管理的需要,可以对留存出境入境人员的指纹等人体生物识别信息作出规定。

Article 7 Upon approval by the State Council, theMinistry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, on thebasis of the need for exit/entry administration, set forth regulations on thecollection and keep of fingerprints and other biometric identificationinformation of the persons who exit or enter China.

外国政府对中国公民签发签证、出境入境管理有特别规定的,中国政府可以根据情况采取相应的对等措施。

Where foreign governments have special regulations onissuing visas to Chinese citizens or the exit/entry administration of Chinesecitizens, the Chinese government may, as the circumstances require, takecorresponding and equivalent measures.

第八条履行出境入境管理职责的部门和机构应当切实采取措施,不断提升服务和管理水平,公正执法,便民高效,维护安全、便捷的出境入境秩序。

Article 8 Departments and institutions that areresponsible for the exit/entry administration shall take practical measures,constantly improve service and administration, enforce laws impartially,provide convenient and efficient service and ensure the security and conveyanceof the exit/entry procedures.

第二章中国公民出境入境

Chapter II Exitand Entry of Chinese Citizens

第九条中国公民出境入境,应当依法申请办理护照或者其他旅行证件。

Article 9 Chinese citizens who exit or enter China shall,in accordance with the law, apply for passports or other travel documents.

中国公民前往其他国家或者地区,还需要取得前往国签证或者其他入境许可证明。但是,中国政府与其他国家政府签订互免签证协议或者公安部、外交部另有规定的除外。

Chinese citizens bound for other countries or regionsshall obtain visas or other entry permits from destination countries, unlessthe Chinese government has signed visa exemption agreements with the governmentsof those countries, or otherwise stipulated by the Ministry of Public Securityand the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

中国公民以海员身份出境入境和在国外船舶上从事工作的,应当依法申请办理海员证。

Chinese citizens who exit or enter China as seamen orwork on foreign ships shall apply for seamen’s certificates in accordance withthe law.

第十条中国公民往来内地与香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区,中国公民往来大陆与台湾地区,应当依法申请办理通行证件,并遵守本法有关规定。具体管理办法由国务院规定。

Article 10 Chinese citizens who travel between theMainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, between the Mainlandand the Macao Special Administrative Region, and between the Mainland andTaiwan Region, shall apply for exit/entry permits in accordance with the law,and abide by the relevant provisions of this Law. The specific administrativemeasures shall be stipulated by the State Council.

第十一条中国公民出境入境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他旅行证件等出境入境证件,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可出境入境。

Article 11 Chinese citizens who exit or enter China shallsubmit their exit/entry documents such as passports or other travel documentsto the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through theprescribed formalities, and may exit or enter upon examination and approval.

具备条件的口岸,出入境边防检查机关应当为中国公民出境入境提供专用通道等便利措施。

For ports that meet relevant conditions, exit/entryborder inspection authorities shall provide convenience such as special lanesfor the exit and entry of Chinese citizens.

第十二条中国公民有下列情形之一的,不准出境:

Article 12 Under any of the following circumstances,Chinese citizens are not allowed to exit China:

(一)未持有效出境入境证件或者拒绝、逃避接受边防检查的;

(1) Hold no validexit/entry documents, or refuse or evade border inspection;

(二)被判处刑罚尚未执行完毕或者属于刑事案件被告人、犯罪嫌疑人的;

(2) Are sentencedto criminal punishments, the execution of which have not been completed, or aresuspects or defendants in criminal cases;

(三)有未了结的民事案件,人民法院决定不准出境的;

(3) Are involved in unsettled civil casesand not allowed to exit China upon decision of the people’s courts;

(四)因妨害国(边)境管理受到刑事处罚或者因非法出境、非法居留、非法就业被其他国家或者地区遣返,未满不准出境规定年限的;

(4) Are subject to criminal punishment forimpairing border administration, or are repatriated by other countries orregions due to illegal exit from China, illegal residence or illegalemployment, and the No-Exit-from-China period has not expired;

(五)可能危害国家安全和利益,国务院有关主管部门决定不准出境的;

(5) May endangernational security or interests, and are not allowed to exit China upon decisionby competent departments under the State Council; or

(六)法律、行政法规规定不准出境的其他情形。

(6) Othercircumstances in which exit from China is not allowed in accordance with lawsor administrative regulations.

第十三条定居国外的中国公民要求回国定居的,应当在入境前向中华人民共和国驻外使馆、领馆或者外交部委托的其他驻外机构提出申请,也可以由本人或者经由国内亲属向拟定居地的县级以上地方人民政府侨务部门提出申请。

Article 13 Chinese citizens residing abroad who desire toreturn to China for permanent residence shall, prior to the entry, fileapplications with Chinese embassies or consulates or other institutionsstationed abroad entrusted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They may alsofile such applications to the overseas Chinese affairs departments under thelocal people’s governments at or above the county level of the proposed placesof permanent residence on their own or via their relatives in China.

第十四条定居国外的中国公民在中国境内办理金融、教育、医疗、交通、电信、社会保险、财产登记等事务需要提供身份证明的,可以凭本人的护照证明其身份。

Article 14 When handling financial affairs or affairsinvolving education, medical treatment, transportation, telecommunications,social insurance or property registration, where identity certificates arerequired, Chinese citizens residing abroad may provide their passports forproof of identity.

第三章外国人入境出境

Chapter III Entryand Exit of Foreigners

第一节签证

Section 1 Visa

第十五条外国人入境,应当向驻外签证机关申请办理签证,但是本法另有规定的除外。

Article 15 In order to entering China, foreigners shallapply to the visa-issuing authorities stationed abroad for a visa, except asotherwise provided for in this Law.

第十六条签证分为外交签证、礼遇签证、公务签证、普通签证。

Article 16 Visas are categorized asdiplomatic visa, courtesy visa, official visa and ordinary visa.

对因外交、公务事由入境的外国人,签发外交、公务签证;对因身份特殊需要给予礼遇的外国人,签发礼遇签证。外交签证、礼遇签证、公务签证的签发范围和签发办法由外交部规定。

Diplomatic or official visas shall be issued toforeigners who enter China for diplomatic or official reasons; and courtesyvisas shall be issued to foreigners who are given courtesy due to their specialstatus. The scope and measures for issuing diplomatic, courtesy and officialvisas shall be stipulated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

对因工作、学习、探亲、旅游、商务活动、人才引进等非外交、公务事由入境的外国人,签发相应类别的普通签证。普通签证的类别和签发办法由国务院规定。

Appropriate types of ordinary visa shall be issued toforeigners who enter China due to non-diplomatic or official reasons includingwork, study, family visit, travel, business activities and talent introduction.The types of ordinary visa and relevant issuance measures shall be stipulatedby the State Council.

第十七条签证的登记项目包括:签证种类,持有人姓名、性别、出生日期、入境次数、入境有效期、停留期限,签发日期、地点,护照或者其他国际旅行证件号码等。

Article 17 The registered items of a visa shall includevisa type, name, sex, date of birth, number of allowed entries, validity periodof entry and duration of stay of the holder, date and place of issuance, aswell as passport number or other international travel documents number.

第十八条外国人申请办理签证,应当向驻外签证机关提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,按照驻外签证机关的要求办理相关手续、接受面谈。

Article 18 Foreigners who apply for visas shall submittheir passports or other international travel documents, as well as informationof specific application matters, to the visa-issuing authorities stationedabroad. They shall go through relevant formalities and accept interviews inaccordance with the requirements of the visa-issuing authorities stationedabroad.

第十九条外国人申请办理签证需要提供中国境内的单位或者个人出具的邀请函件的,申请人应当按照驻外签证机关的要求提供。出具邀请函件的单位或者个人应当对邀请内容的真实性负责。

Article 19 Where foreigners applying for visas need toprovide written invitations issued by entities or individuals within China, theapplicants shall provide such invitations in accordance with the requirementsof the visa-issuing authorities abroad. Entities or individuals that issuewritten invitations shall be liable for the fidelity of the contents.

第二十条出于人道原因需要紧急入境,应邀入境从事紧急商务、工程抢修或者具有其他紧急入境需要并持有有关主管部门同意在口岸申办签证的证明材料的外国人,可以在国务院批准办理口岸签证业务的口岸,向公安部委托的口岸签证机关(以下简称口岸签证机关)申请办理口岸签证。

Article 20 Foreigners who need to enter China urgentlyfor humanitarian reasons, or are invited to enter China for urgent business orrush repair work, or have other urgent needs, and hold materials that prove thecompetent departments’ approval of their applying for visas at port, may applyfor port visas with the visa-issuing authorities entrusted by the Ministry ofPublic Security at the ports (hereinafter referred to as “port visaauthorities”) which are approved to issue port visas by the State Council.

旅行社按照国家有关规定组织入境旅游的,可以向口岸签证机关申请办理团体旅游签证。

Travel agencies that organize inbound tourism inaccordance with relevant State regulations may apply for group tourist visasfrom port visa authorities.

外国人向口岸签证机关申请办理签证,应当提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,按照口岸签证机关的要求办理相关手续,并从申请签证的口岸入境。

Foreigners who apply to port visa authorities for visasshall submit their passports or other international travel documents, as wellas relevant information of specific application matters. They shall go throughrelevant formalities in accordance with the requirements of the port visaauthorities, and enter China at the ports where they apply for visas.

口岸签证机关签发的签证一次入境有效,签证注明的停留期限不得超过三十日。

Visas issued by port visa authorities shall be singleentry and the duration of stay shall not exceed 30 days.

第二十一条外国人有下列情形之一的,不予签发签证:

Article 21 Under any of the following circumstances,visas shall not be issued to foreigners:

(一)被处驱逐出境或者被决定遣送出境,未满不准入境规定年限的;

(1) Was deported, or was repatriated upondecision, and the No-Entry-into-China period has not expired;

(二)患有严重精神障碍、传染性肺结核病或者有可能对公共卫生造成重大危害的其他传染病的;

(2) Is sufferingfrom serious mental disorders, infectious tuberculosis or other infectiousdiseases that may severely jeopardize the public health;

(三)可能危害中国国家安全和利益、破坏社会公共秩序或者从事其他违法犯罪活动的;

(3) May endangerChina’s national security or interests, or disrupt social and public order, orengage in other illegal or criminal activities;

(四)在申请签证过程中弄虚作假或者不能保障在中国境内期间所需费用的;

(4) Resort to fraudulent acts in visaapplication or cannot guarantee expected expenditures during their stay inChina;

(五)不能提交签证机关要求提交的相关材料的;

(5) Fail to submit relevant informationrequired by the visa-issuing authorities; or

(六)签证机关认为不宜签发签证的其他情形。

(6) Othercircumstances in which visa authorities consider a visa should not be issued.

对不予签发签证的,签证机关可以不说明理由。

The visa-issuing authorities are not required to givereasons for refusing the issuance of a visa.

第二十二条外国人有下列情形之一的,可以免办签证:

Article 22 Under any of the following circumstances,foreigners may be exempt from applying for visas:

(一)根据中国政府与其他国家政府签订的互免签证协议,属于免办签证人员的;

(1) So exempted based on the visa exemptionagreements signed by the Chinese government with the governments of othercountries;

(二)持有效的外国人居留证件的;

(2) Hold validforeigners’ residence permits;

(三)持联程客票搭乘国际航行的航空器、船舶、列车从中国过境前往第三国或者地区,在中国境内停留不超过二十四小时且不离开口岸,或者在国务院批准的特定区域内停留不超过规定时限的;

(3) Hold connectedpassenger tickets and are in transit to a third country or region by aninternational aircraft, ship or train via China, will stay for not more than 24hours in China without leaving the port of entry, or will stay in the specificzones approved by the State Council within the prescribed time limit; or

(四)国务院规定的可以免办签证的其他情形。

(4) Other circumstances stipulated by theState Council in which visas may be exempted.

第二十三条有下列情形之一的外国人需要临时入境的,应当向出入境边防检查机关申请办理临时入境手续:

Article 23 Where foreigners under any of the followingcircumstances need to enter China temporarily, they shall apply to exit/entryborder inspection agencies for going through the formalities for temporaryentry:

(一)外国船员及其随行家属登陆港口所在城市的;

(1) Foreign seamenand their accompanying family members disembark at cities where the ports arelocated;

(二)本法第二十二条第三项规定的人员需要离开口岸的;

(2) Personsspecified in Subparagraph (3) of Article 22 of this Law need to leave ports; or

(三)因不可抗力或者其他紧急原因需要临时入境的。

(3) Foreignersneed to enter China temporarily due to force majeure or for any other urgentreason.

临时入境的期限不得超过十五日。

The duration of stay for temporary entry shall not exceed15 days.

对申请办理临时入境手续的外国人,出入境边防检查机关可以要求外国人本人、载运其入境的交通运输工具的负责人或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位提供必要的保证措施。

For foreigners who apply for going through theformalities for temporary entry, exit/entry border inspection authorities mayrequire such foreigners, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles usedfor such foreigners’ entry or the agencies handling the exit/entry business fortransport vehicles to provide necessary guaranty measures.

第二节入境出境

Section 2 Entry and Exit

第二十四条外国人入境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件、签证或者其他入境许可证明,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可入境。

Article 24 Foreigners who enter China shall submit theirpassports, other international travel documents, visas or other entry permitsto the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through theprescribed formalities, and may enter upon examination and approval.

第二十五条外国人有下列情形之一的,不准入境:

Article 25 Under any of the following circumstances,foreigners shall not be allowed to enter China:

(一)未持有效出境入境证件或者拒绝、逃避接受边防检查的;

(1) Hold no validexit/entry documents, or refuse or evade border inspection;

(二)具有本法第二十一条第一款第一项至第四项规定情形的;

(2) Are involvedin any of the circumstances specified in Subparagraph (1) through (4) of thefirst paragraph of Article 21 of this Law;

(三)入境后可能从事与签证种类不符的活动的;

(3) May engage in activities not conform tothe types of visa after entering China; or

(四)法律、行政法规规定不准入境的其他情形。

(4) Othercircumstances in which entry is not allowed in accordance with laws oradministrative regulations.

对不准入境的,出入境边防检查机关可以不说明理由。

Exit/entry border inspection authorities are not requiredto give reasons for denying an entry.

第二十六条对未被准许入境的外国人,出入境边防检查机关应当责令其返回;对拒不返回的,强制其返回。外国人等待返回期间,不得离开限定的区域。

Article 26 Exit/entry border inspection authorities shallorder foreigners who are denied entry in China to return, and shall force thereturn of those who refuse to do so. While waiting for return, those foreignersshall not leave the restricted zones.

第二十七条外国人出境,应当向出入境边防检查机关交验本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件等出境入境证件,履行规定的手续,经查验准许,方可出境。

Article 27 Foreigners who exit China shall submit theirexit/entry documents including passports or other international traveldocuments to the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, gothrough prescribed formalities, and may exit upon examination and approval.

第二十八条外国人有下列情形之一的,不准出境:

Article 28 Under any of the following circumstances,foreigners shall not be allowed to exit China:

(一)被判处刑罚尚未执行完毕或者属于刑事案件被告人、犯罪嫌疑人的,但是按照中国与外国签订的有关协议,移管被判刑人的除外;

(1) Are sentencedto criminal punishments, the execution of which are not completed, or suspectsor defendants in criminal cases, except those who are sentenced and transferredunder relevant agreements between China and foreign countries;

(二)有未了结的民事案件,人民法院决定不准出境的;

(2) Are involvedin unsettled civil cases and are not allowed to exit China upon decision of thepeople’s courts;

(三)拖欠劳动者的劳动报酬,经国务院有关部门或者省、自治区、直辖市人民政府决定不准出境的;

(3) Are in arrearsof paying off labor remuneration and therefore are not allowed to exit bydecision of the relevant departments under the State Council or of the people’sgovernments of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly underthe Central Government; or

(四)法律、行政法规规定不准出境的其他情形。

(4) Othercircumstances in which exit shall not be allowed in accordance with laws oradministrative regulations.

第四章外国人停留居留

Chapter IV Stay and Residence of Foreigners

第一节停留居留

Section 1Stay and Residence

第二十九条外国人所持签证注明的停留期限不超过一百八十日的,持证人凭签证并按照签证注明的停留期限在中国境内停留。

Article 29 Where the duration of stay specified in a visaheld by a foreigner does not exceed 180 days, the holder may stay in Chinawithin the duration specified therein.

需要延长签证停留期限的,应当在签证注明的停留期限届满七日前向停留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请,按照要求提交申请事由的相关材料。经审查,延期理由合理、充分的,准予延长停留期限;不予延长停留期限的,应当按期离境。

Where the duration of stay needs to be extended, the visaholder shall file an application with the exit/entry administration of publicsecurity organ under the local people’s government at or above the county levelin the place of his stay seven days prior to the expiry of the durationspecified in the visa, and shall submit information of specific applicationmatters in accordance with relevant requirements. If upon examination, thereasons for extension are appropriate and sufficient, such extension shall begranted; if an extension is denied, the foreigner shall leave China on theexpiry of the duration.

延长签证停留期限,累计不得超过签证原注明的停留期限。

The accumulated length of extension shall not exceed theoriginal duration of stay specified in the visa.

第三十条外国人所持签证注明入境后需要办理居留证件的,应当自入境之日起三十日内,向拟居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请办理外国人居留证件。

Article 30 Where visas held by foreigners specify thatforeigners need to apply for residence permits after entry, such foreignersshall, within 30 days from the date of their entry, apply to the exit/entryadministrations of public security organs under local people’s governments ator above the county level in the proposed places of residence for foreigners’residence permits.

申请办理外国人居留证件,应当提交本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,以及申请事由的相关材料,并留存指纹等人体生物识别信息。公安机关出入境管理机构应当自收到申请材料之日起十五日内进行审查并作出审查决定,根据居留事由签发相应类别和期限的外国人居留证件。

Applicants for foreigners’ residence permits shall submittheir passports or other international travel documents, as well as relevantinformation of specific application matters, and provide biometricidentification information such as fingerprints. The exit/entry administrationsof public security organs shall, within 15 days upon the date of receipt,conduct examination and make a decision thereupon. Based on the purpose ofresidence, those administrations shall issue the appropriate types offoreigners’ residence permits with the duration.

外国人工作类居留证件的有效期最短为九十日,最长为五年;非工作类居留证件的有效期最短为一百八十日,最长为五年。

The validity period of a foreigner’s work-type residencepermit shall be 90 days at the minimum and five years at the maximum; and thevalidity period of a non-work-type foreigner’s residence permit shall be 180days at the minimum and five years at the maximum.

第三十一条外国人有下列情形之一的,不予签发外国人居留证件:

Article 31 Under any of the following circumstances, aforeigner’s residence permit shall not be issued:

(一)所持签证类别属于不应办理外国人居留证件的;

(1) The visa held does not belong to the type for which aforeigner’s residence permit should be issued;

(二)在申请过程中弄虚作假的;

(2) Resorts tofraudulent acts in application;

(三)不能按照规定提供相关证明材料的;

(3) Fails toprovide relevant supporting materials in accordance with relevant regulations;

(四)违反中国有关法律、行政法规,不适合在中国境内居留的;

(4) Is noteligible to reside in China because of violation of relevant Chinese laws oradministrative regulations; or

(五)签发机关认为不宜签发外国人居留证件的其他情形。

(5) Other circumstances in which theissuing authority considers a foreigner’s residence permit should not beissued.

符合国家规定的专门人才、投资者或者出于人道等原因确需由停留变更为居留的外国人,经设区的市级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构批准可以办理外国人居留证件。

Foreigners with expertise and foreign investors whoconform to relevant State regulations or foreigners who need to change theirstatus from stay to residence for humanitarian or other reasons, may undergothe formalities for obtaining foreigner’s residence permits upon approval bythe exit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’sgovernments at or above the city with districts.

第三十二条在中国境内居留的外国人申请延长居留期限的,应当在居留证件有效期限届满三十日前向居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构提出申请,按照要求提交申请事由的相关材料。经审查,延期理由合理、充分的,准予延长居留期限;不予延长居留期限的,应当按期离境。

Article 32 Foreigners residing in China who apply for theextension of the duration of residence shall, within 30 days prior to theexpiry of the validity period on their residence permits, file applicationswith the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under localpeople’s governments at or above the county level, and submit relevantinformation of specific application matters in accordance with relevantrequirements. If upon examination, the reasons for extension are appropriateand sufficient, an extension shall be granted; if an extension is denied, theforeigner concerned shall leave China on the expiry of the validity periodspecified in their residence permits.

第三十三条外国人居留证件的登记项目包括:持有人姓名、性别、出生日期、居留事由、居留期限,签发日期、地点,护照或者其他国际旅行证件号码等。

Article 33 The registered items of a foreign residencepermit shall include name, sex, date of birth, reason for residence andduration of residence of the holder, date and place of issuance, passportnumber or other international travel documents number.

外国人居留证件登记事项发生变更的,持证件人应当自登记事项发生变更之日起十日内向居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申请办理变更。

Where the registered item in a foreigner’s residencepermit has changed, the holder shall, within 10 days from the date of change,apply to the exit/entry administration of public security organ under the localpeople’s government at or above the county level in the place of residence forgoing through the formalities for alteration.

第三十四条免办签证入境的外国人需要超过免签期限在中国境内停留的,外国船员及其随行家属在中国境内停留需要离开港口所在城市,或者具有需要办理外国人停留证件其他情形的,应当按照规定办理外国人停留证件。

Article 34 Where visa-exempt foreigners need to stay inChina longer than the visa-free period, or foreign seamen and theiraccompanying family members need to leave the cities where the ports arelocated, or under other circumstances in which foreigners’ stay permits shouldbe applied for, they shall apply for such permits in accordance with relevantregulations.

外国人停留证件的有效期最长为一百八十日。

The maximum validity period of a foreigner’s stay permitshall be 180 days.

第三十五条外国人入境后,所持的普通签证、停留居留证件损毁、遗失、被盗抢或者有符合国家规定的事由需要换发、补发的,应当按照规定向停留居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构提出申请。

Article 35 Where ordinary visas, stay or residencepermits held by foreigners need to be reissued due to damage, loss, theft,robbery or other reasons in compliance with relevant State regulations afterforeigners enter China, those foreigners shall apply for a reissue with theexit/entry administrations of public security organs under local people’s governmentsat or above the county level in the places of stay or residence in accordancewith relevant regulations.

第三十六条公安机关出入境管理机构作出的不予办理普通签证延期、换发、补发,不予办理外国人停留居留证件、不予延长居留期限的决定为最终决定。

Article 36 Decisions made by the exit/entryadministration of public security organ on rejecting applications for visaextension or reissuance, or on not issuing foreigners’ stay or residencepermits or not extending the duration of residence shall be final.

第三十七条外国人在中国境内停留居留,不得从事与停留居留事由不相符的活动,并应当在规定的停留居留期限届满前离境。

Article 37 Foreigners who stay or reside in China shallnot engage in activities not corresponding to the purpose of stay or residence,and shall leave China prior to the expiry of the prescribed duration of stay orresidence.

第三十八条年满十六周岁的外国人在中国境内停留居留,应当随身携带本人的护照或者其他国际旅行证件,或者外国人停留居留证件,接受公安机关的查验。

Article 38 Foreigners having reached the age of 16 whostay or reside in China shall carry with them their passports or otherinternational travel documents, or foreigners’ stay or residence permits, andaccept the inspection of public security organs.

在中国境内居留的外国人,应当在规定的时间内到居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关交验外国人居留证件。

Foreigners who reside in China shall, within theprescribed time limit, submit foreigners’ residence permits to public securityorgans under local people’s governments at or above the county level in theplaces of residence for examination.

第三十九条外国人在中国境内旅馆住宿的,旅馆应当按照旅馆业治安管理的有关规定为其办理住宿登记,并向所在地公安机关报送外国人住宿登记信息。

Article 39 Where foreigners stay in hotels in China, thehotels shall register their accommodation in accordance with the regulations onthe public security administration of the hotel industry, and submitforeigners’ accommodation registration information to the public securityorgans in the places where the hotels are located.

外国人在旅馆以外的其他住所居住或者住宿的,应当在入住后二十四小时内由本人或者留宿人,向居住地的公安机关办理登记。

For foreigners who reside or stay in domiciles other thanhotels, they or the persons who accommodate them shall, within 24 hours afterthe foreigners’ arrival, go through the registration formalities with thepublic security organs in the places of residence.

第四十条在中国境内出生的外国婴儿,其父母或者代理人应当在婴儿出生六十日内,持该婴儿的出生证明到父母停留居留地县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构为其办理停留或者居留登记。

Article 40 For foreign infants born in China, theirparents or agents shall, within 60 days after they are born, on the strength ofthe birth certificates, go through the formalities for stay or residenceregistration for them with the exit/entry administrations of public securityorgans under people’s governments at or above the county level in the places oftheir parents’ stay or residence.

外国人在中国境内死亡的,其家属、监护人或者代理人,应当按照规定,持该外国人的死亡证明向县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构申报,注销外国人停留居留证件。

For foreigners who decease in China, their relatives,guardians or agents shall, in accordance with relevant regulations, on thestrength of the death certificates, report their death to the exit/entryadministrations of the public security organs under local people’s governmentsat or above the county level to cancel their stay or residence permits.

第四十一条外国人在中国境内工作,应当按照规定取得工作许可和工作类居留证件。任何单位和个人不得聘用未取得工作许可和工作类居留证件的外国人。

Article 41 Foreigners who work in China shall obtain workpermits and work-type residence permits in accordance with relevantregulations. No entities or individuals shall employ foreigners who have nowork permits or work-type residence permits.

外国人在中国境内工作管理办法由国务院规定。

The administrative measures for foreigners working inChina shall be stipulated by the State Council.

第四十二条国务院人力资源社会保障主管部门、外国专家主管部门会同国务院有关部门根据经济社会发展需要和人力资源供求状况制定并定期调整外国人在中国境内工作指导目录。

Article 42 The competent department of human resourcesand social security and the competent department in charge of foreign expertsaffairs under the State Council shall, in conjunction with relevant departmentsunder the State Council, formulate and regularly adjust the guiding cataloguefor foreigners working in China based on the needs for economic and socialdevelopment as well as the supply and demand of human resources.

国务院教育主管部门会同国务院有关部门建立外国留学生勤工助学管理制度,对外国留学生勤工助学的岗位范围和时限作出规定。

The competent department of education under the StateCouncil shall, in conjunction with relevant departments under the StateCouncil, establish an administrative system for foreign students working tosupport their study in China and set forth regulations on the scope of jobs andthe limit of work time for such foreign students.

第四十三条外国人有下列行为之一的,属于非法就业:

Article 43 Any of the following acts of foreigners shallbe deemed unlawful employment:

(一)未按照规定取得工作许可和工作类居留证件在中国境内工作的;

(1) Work in China without obtaining work permits orwork-type residence permits in accordance with relevant regulations;

(二)超出工作许可限定范围在中国境内工作的;

(2) Work in China beyond the scope prescribed in the workpermits; or

(三)外国留学生违反勤工助学管理规定,超出规定的岗位范围或者时限在中国境内工作的。

(3) Foreignstudents work in violation of the regulations on the administration of foreignstudents working to support their study in China and work beyond the prescribedscope of jobs or prescribed time limit.

第四十四条根据维护国家安全、公共安全的需要,公安机关、国家安全机关可以限制外国人、外国机构在某些地区设立居住或者办公场所;对已经设立的,可以限期迁离。

Article 44 On the basis of the need for maintainingnational security and public security, public security organs and nationalsecurity organs may impose restrictions on foreigners and foreign institutionsfrom establishing places of residence or work in certain areas; and may orderthat established places of residence or work be relocated within a prescribedtime limit.

未经批准,外国人不得进入限制外国人进入的区域。

Without approval, foreigners shall not accessforeigner-restricted areas.

第四十五条聘用外国人工作或者招收外国留学生的单位,应当按照规定向所在地公安机关报告有关信息。

Article 45 Entities that employ foreigners or enrollforeign students shall report relevant information to local public securityorgans in accordance with relevant regulations.

公民、法人或者其他组织发现外国人有非法入境、非法居留、非法就业情形的,应当及时向所在地公安机关报告。

Citizens, legal persons or other organizations who findforeigners illegal enter, reside or work in China shall duly report such matterto the local public security organs.

第四十六条申请难民地位的外国人,在难民地位甄别期间,可以凭公安机关签发的临时身份证明在中国境内停留;被认定为难民的外国人,可以凭公安机关签发的难民身份证件在中国境内停留居留。

Article 46 Foreigners applying for refugee status may,during the screening process, stay in China on the strength of temporaryidentity certificates issued by public security organs; foreigners who arerecognized as refugees may stay or reside in China on the strength of refugeeidentity certificates issued by public security organs.

第二节永久居留

Section 2 Permanent Residence

第四十七条对中国经济社会发展作出突出贡献或者符合其他在中国境内永久居留条件的外国人,经本人申请和公安部批准,取得永久居留资格。

Article 47 Foreigners who have made remarkablecontribution to China’s economic and social development or meet otherconditions for permanent residence in China may obtain permanent residence statusupon application approved by the Ministry of Public Security.

外国人在中国境内永久居留的审批管理办法由公安部、外交部会同国务院有关部门规定。

The administrative measures for examination and approvalof foreigners’ permanent residence in China shall be stipulated by the Ministryof Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in conjunction withrelevant departments under the State Council.

第四十八条取得永久居留资格的外国人,凭永久居留证件在中国境内居留和工作,凭本人的护照和永久居留证件出境入境。

Article 48 Foreigners who have obtained permanentresidence status may reside or work in China on the strength of permanentresidence permits, and exit or enter China on the strength of their passportsand permanent residence permits.

第四十九条外国人有下列情形之一的,由公安部决定取消其在中国境内永久居留资格:

Article 49 Where foreigners fall under any of thefollowing circumstances, the Ministry of Public Security shall decide to canceltheir permanent residence status in China:

(一)对中国国家安全和利益造成危害的;

(1) Endanger China’s national security or interests;

(二)被处驱逐出境的;

(2) Are deported;

(三)弄虚作假骗取在中国境内永久居留资格的;

(3) Obtain permanent residence status in China byfraudulent acts;

(四)在中国境内居留未达到规定时限的;

(4) Fail to reside in China for the prescribed timelimit; or

(五)不适宜在中国境内永久居留的其他情形。

(5) Other circumstances in whichforeigners are not eligible to reside in China permanently.

第五章交通运输工具出境入境边防检查

Chapter V BorderInspection of Transport Vehicles Exiting/Entering China

第五十条出境入境交通运输工具离开、抵达口岸时,应当接受边防检查。对交通运输工具的入境边防检查,在其最先抵达的口岸进行;对交通运输工具的出境边防检查,在其最后离开的口岸进行。特殊情况下,可以在有关主管机关指定的地点进行。

Article 50 Transport vehicles that exit or enter China shallbe subject to border inspection when leaving or arriving at ports. Borderinspection of entering transport vehicles shall be conducted at the firstarriving port in China; border inspection of exiting transport vehicles shallbe conducted at the last port when they leave China. Under specialcircumstances, border inspection may be conducted in places designated bycompetent authorities.

出境的交通运输工具自出境检查后至出境前,入境的交通运输工具自入境后至入境检查前,未经出入境边防检查机关按照规定程序许可,不得上下人员、装卸货物或者物品。

Without the permission of exit/entry border inspectionauthorities in accordance with prescribed procedures, transport vehicles thatexit China shall not embark or disembark passengers, or load and unload goodsor articles between exit inspection and exit, and nor shall transport vehiclesthat enter China do so between entry and entry inspection.

第五十一条交通运输工具负责人或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位应当按照规定提前向出入境边防检查机关报告入境、出境的交通运输工具抵达、离开口岸的时间和停留地点,如实申报员工、旅客、货物或者物品等信息。

Article 51 Persons in charge of transport vehicles oragencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles shall, inaccordance with relevant regulations, report to the exit/entry borderinspection authorities in advance on the entering or exiting transportvehicles’ time of arrival at or departure from the port and the places of stay,and truthfully declare information including staff, passengers, goods andarticles.

第五十二条交通运输工具负责人、交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位应当配合出境入境边防检查,发现违反本法规定行为的,应当立即报告并协助调查处理。

Article 52 Persons in charge of transport vehicles oragencies handling the exit/entry business for transport vehicles shall providecooperation in exit/entry border inspection, and shall immediately report anyviolations of this Law found thereby and give assistance in the investigationand handling of such violations.

入境交通运输工具载运不准入境人员的,交通运输工具负责人应当负责载离。

Where transport vehicles that enter China carry personswho are not allowed to enter China, the persons in charge of the transportvehicles shall be responsible for their leaving.

第五十三条出入境边防检查机关按照规定对处于下列情形之一的出境入境交通运输工具进行监护:

Article 53 Exit/entry border inspection authorities shallsupervise transport vehicles that exit or enter China under any of thefollowing circumstances:

(一)出境的交通运输工具在出境边防检查开始后至出境前、入境的交通运输工具在入境后至入境边防检查完成前;

(1) Between exit border inspection and exitfor transport vehicles that exit China, and between entry and entry borderinspection for transport vehicles that enter China;

(二)外国船舶在中国内河航行期间;

(2) When foreignships navigate in China’s inland waters; or

(三)有必要进行监护的其他情形。

(3) Other circumstances in which supervision isnecessary.

第五十四条因装卸物品、维修作业、参观访问等事由需要上下外国船舶的人员,应当向出入境边防检查机关申请办理登轮证件。

Article 54 Persons who need to embark on or disembarkfrom foreign ships for reasons such as goods loading or unloading, maintenanceoperations or visit shall apply to exit/entry border inspection authorities forboarding pass.

中国船舶与外国船舶或者外国船舶之间需要搭靠作业的,应当由船长或者交通运输工具出境入境业务代理单位向出入境边防检查机关申请办理船舶搭靠手续。

Where a Chinese ship needs to berth alongside a foreignship, or a foreign ship needs to berth alongside another foreign ship, thecaptain or the agency handling the exit/entry business for relevant transportvehicles shall apply to the exit/entry border inspection authority for goingthrough formalities for berth.

第五十五条外国船舶、航空器在中国境内应当按照规定的路线、航线行驶。

Article 55 Foreign ships and aircrafts shall navigateaccording to prescribed routes.

出境入境的船舶、航空器不得驶入对外开放口岸以外地区。因不可预见的紧急情况或者不可抗力驶入的,应当立即向就近的出入境边防检查机关或者当地公安机关报告,并接受监护和管理。

Ships and aircrafts that exit or enter China shall notaccess areas outside the ports open to foreign countries. The aforesaid shipsor aircrafts that access such areas due to unforeseeable emergencies or forcemajeure shall immediately report to the nearest exit/entry border inspectionauthority or local public security organ, and accept supervision andadministration.

第五十六条交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,不准出境入境;已经驶离口岸的,可以责令返回:

Article 56 Under any of the following circumstances,transport vehicles shall be not allowed to exit or enter China; those that haveleft ports may be ordered to return:

(一)离开、抵达口岸时,未经查验准许擅自出境入境的;

(1) Exit or enterChina without examination and approval when leaving or arriving at port;

(二)未经批准擅自改变出境入境口岸的;

(2) Change the port of exit or entry without approval;

(三)涉嫌载有不准出境入境人员,需要查验核实的;

(3) Are suspected of carrying persons who are not allowedto exit or enter China and therefore need to be inspected and verified;

(四)涉嫌载有危害国家安全、利益和社会公共秩序的物品,需要查验核实的;

(4) Are suspected of carrying articles endangeringnational security or interests or disrupting social or public order andtherefore need to be inspected and verified; or

(五)拒绝接受出入境边防检查机关管理的其他情形。

(5) Other circumstances in which transport vehiclesrefuse to subject themselves to exit/entry border inspection authorities’administration.

前款所列情形消失后,出入境边防检查机关对有关交通运输工具应当立即放行。

After the circumstances specified in thepreceding paragraph disappear, exit/entry border inspection authorities shallimmediately release relevant transport vehicles.

第五十七条从事交通运输工具出境入境业务代理的单位,应当向出入境边防检查机关备案。从事业务代理的人员,由所在单位向出入境边防检查机关办理备案手续。

Article 57 Agencies handling the exit/entry business fortransport vehicles shall file records with exit/entry border inspection authorities.For agents engaging in such a business, the entities they work for shall filerelevant records for them with exit/entry border inspection authorities.

第六章调查和遣返

Chapter VIInvestigation and Repatriation

第五十八条本章规定的当场盘问、继续盘问、拘留审查、限制活动范围、遣送出境措施,由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关实施。

Article 58 Measures for on-the-spot interrogation,continued interrogation, detention for investigation, movement restriction andrepatriation prescribed in this Chapter shall be enforced by public securityorgans under local people’s governments at or above the county level or byexit/entry border inspection authorities.

第五十九条对涉嫌违反出境入境管理的人员,可以当场盘问;经当场盘问,有下列情形之一的,可以依法继续盘问:

Article 59 Persons suspected of violating the regulationson exit/entry administration may be interrogated on the spot; upon on-the-spotinterrogation, the aforesaid persons may be interrogated in continuation inaccordance with the law under any of the following circumstances:

(一)有非法出境入境嫌疑的;

(1) Are suspected of illegally exiting or entering China;

(二)有协助他人非法出境入境嫌疑的;

(2) Are suspectedof assisting others in illegally exiting or entering China;

(三)外国人有非法居留、非法就业嫌疑的;

(3) Are foreignerssuspected of illegally residing or working in China; or

(四)有危害国家安全和利益,破坏社会公共秩序或者从事其他违法犯罪活动嫌疑的。

(4) Are suspected of endangeringnational security or interests, disrupting social or public order, or engagingin other illegal or criminal activities.

当场盘问和继续盘问应当依据《中华人民共和国人民警察法》规定的程序进行。

On-the-spot interrogation and continued interrogationshall be conducted in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the People’sPolice Law of the People’s Republic of China.

县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关需要传唤涉嫌违反出境入境管理的人员的,依照《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法》的有关规定执行。

Where public security organs under localpeople’s governments at or above the county level or exit/entry borderinspection authorities need to summon the persons suspected of violating theregulations on exit/entry administration, they shall handle the matter inaccordance with the relevant regulations of the Law of the People’s Republic ofChina on Penalties for Administration of Public Security.

第六十条外国人有本法第五十九条第一款规定情形之一的,经当场盘问或者继续盘问后仍不能排除嫌疑,需要作进一步调查的,可以拘留审查。

Article 60 Where foreigners involved in any of thecircumstances specified in the first paragraph of Article 59 of this Law cannotbe cleared of suspicion after on-the-spot interrogation or continuedinterrogation and therefore need to be further investigated, he may be detainedfor investigation.

实施拘留审查,应当出示拘留审查决定书,并在二十四小时内进行询问。发现不应当拘留审查的,应当立即解除拘留审查。

When detaining a foreigner for investigation, theauthority concerned shall present a written decision on detention forinvestigation and shall interrogate the detained foreigner within 24 hours.Where the aforesaid organ finds that a foreigner should not be detained forinvestigation, it shall immediately release him from detention forinvestigation.

拘留审查的期限不得超过三十日;案情复杂的,经上一级地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关批准可以延长至六十日。对国籍、身份不明的外国人,拘留审查期限自查清其国籍、身份之日起计算。

The period of detention for investigation shall notexceed 30 days; for complicated cases, the period may be extended to 60 daysupon approval by the public security organs under the local people’sgovernments at the next higher level or by the exit/entry border inspectionauthorities at the next higher level. For foreigners whose nationalities andidentities are unknown, the period of detention for investigation shall becalculated from the date when their nationalities and identities are found out.

第六十一条外国人有下列情形之一的,不适用拘留审查,可以限制其活动范围:

Article 61 Under any of the following circumstances,detention for investigation is not applicable to foreigners, however, theirmovements may be restricted:

(一)患有严重疾病的;

(1) Suffer from serious diseases;

(二)怀孕或者哺乳自己不满一周岁婴儿的;

(2) Are pregnant or breast-feeding theirown infants under one year of age;

(三)未满十六周岁或者已满七十周岁的;

(3) Are under 16 years of age or havereached the age of 70; or

(四)不宜适用拘留审查的其他情形。

(4) Other circumstances in which detentionfor investigation should not be applied.

被限制活动范围的外国人,应当按照要求接受审查,未经公安机关批准,不得离开限定的区域。限制活动范围的期限不得超过六十日。对国籍、身份不明的外国人,限制活动范围期限自查清其国籍、身份之日起计算。

Foreigners whose movements are restricted shall subjectthemselves to investigation as required, and shall not leave the restrictedzones without approval of public security organs. The period of movementrestriction shall not exceed 60 days. For foreigners whose nationalities andidentities are unknown, the period of movement restriction shall be calculatedfrom the date when their nationalities and identities are found out.

第六十二条外国人有下列情形之一的,可以遣送出境:

Article 62 Under any of the following circumstances,foreigners may be repatriated:

(一)被处限期出境,未在规定期限内离境的;

(1) Are ordered to exit China within a prescribed timelimit but fail to do so

(二)有不准入境情形的;

(2) Are involved in circumstances in which they are notallowed to enter China;

(三)非法居留、非法就业的;

(3) Illegally reside or work in China; or

(四)违反本法或者其他法律、行政法规需要遣送出境的。

(4) Need to be repatriated for violation of this Law orother laws or administrative regulations.

他境外人员有前款所列情形之一的,可以依法遣送出境。

Other overseas personnel who fall under any of thecircumstances prescribed in the preceding paragraph may be repatriated inaccordance with the law.

被遣送出境的人员,自被遣送出境之日起一至五年内不准入境。

Repatriated persons shall not be allowed to enter Chinafor one to five years, calculating from the date of repatriation.

第六十三条被拘留审查或者被决定遣送出境但不能立即执行的人员,应当羁押在拘留所或者遣返场所。

Article 63 Persons who are detained for investigation orwho are to be repatriated upon decision but cannot be repatriated promptlyshall be held in custody in detention houses or places of repatriation.

第六十四条外国人对依照本法规定对其实施的继续盘问、拘留审查、限制活动范围、遣送出境措施不服的,可以依法申请行政复议,该行政复议决定为最终决定。

Article 64 Foreigners dissatisfied with the measureimposed on them in accordance with this Law, such as continued interrogation,detention for investigation, movement restriction or repatriation, may apply foradministrative reconsideration in accordance with the law, and theadministrative reconsideration decision shall be final.

其他境外人员对依照本法规定对其实施的遣送出境措施不服,申请行政复议的,适用前款规定。

Where other overseas personnel dissatisfied with thedecision of repatriation imposed on them in accordance with this Law apply foradministrative reconsideration, the provisions in the preceding paragraph areapplicable.

第六十五条对依法决定不准出境或者不准入境的人员,决定机关应当按照规定及时通知出入境边防检查机关;不准出境、入境情形消失的,决定机关应当及时撤销不准出境、入境决定,并通知出入境边防检查机关。

Article 65 Where persons are not allowed to exit or enterChina upon decisions made in accordance with the law, the decision-makingauthorities shall duly inform the exit/entry border inspection authorities ofsuch decisions in accordance with relevant regulations; where the circumstancesin which the persons are not allowed to exit or enter China disappear, thedecision-making authorities shall duly cancel the aforesaid decisions andinform exit/entry border inspection authorities of the cancellation.

第六十六条根据维护国家安全和出境入境管理秩序的需要,必要时,出入境边防检查机关可以对出境入境的人员进行人身检查。人身检查应当由两名与受检查人同性别的边防检查人员进行。

Article 66 On the basis of the need for safeguardingnational security and maintaining the order of exit/entry administration,exit/entry border inspection authorities may, when necessary, search thepersons entering and exiting the country. Personal Search shall be conducted bytwo border inspectors who are the same sex as the persons subject to thesearch.

第六十七条签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件发生损毁、遗失、被盗抢或者签发后发现持证人不符合签发条件等情形的,由签发机关宣布该出境入境证件作废。

Article 67 In such cases that the exit/entry documentssuch as visas or foreigners’ stay or residence permits are damaged, lost orstolen, or that after the issuance of such documents, the holders are found noteligible for being issued such documents, the issuing authorities shall declarethe aforesaid documents void.

伪造、变造、骗取或者被证件签发机关宣布作废的出境入境证件无效。

Exit/entry documents which are forged,altered, obtained by fraudulent means or are declared void by issuingauthorities shall be invalid.

公安机关可以对前款规定的或被他人冒用的出境入境证件予以注销或者收缴。

Public security organs may cancel or confiscate theexit/entry documents prescribed in the preceding paragraph or used fraudulentlyby persons other than the specified holders.

第六十八条对用于组织、运送、协助他人非法出境入境的交通运输工具,以及需要作为办案证据的物品,公安机关可以扣押。

Article 68 Public security organs may seize the transportvehicles used to organize, transport or assist others in illegally exiting orentering China as well as the articles needed as evidence in handling thecases.

对查获的违禁物品,涉及国家秘密的文件、资料以及用于实施违反出境入境管理活动的工具等,公安机关应当予以扣押,并依照相关法律、行政法规规定处理。

Public security organs shall seize banned articles,documents and data involving state secrets, as well as tools used in activitiesviolating the regulations on exit/entry administration, and handle them inaccordance with relevant laws or administrative regulations.

第六十九条出境入境证件的真伪由签发机关、出入境边防检查机关或者公安机关出入境管理机构认定。

Article 69 The authenticity of exit/entry documents shallbe determined by the issuing authorities, the exit/entry border inspectionauthorities or the exit/entry administrations of public security organs.

第七章法律责任

Chapter VIILegal Liabilities

第七十条本章规定的行政处罚,除本章另有规定外,由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关或者出入境边防检查机关决定;其中警告或者五千元以下罚款,可以由县级以上地方人民政府公安机关出入境管理机构决定。

Article 70 Unless otherwise provided for in this Chapter,the administrative penalties prescribed in this Chapter shall be decided by thepublic security organs under local people’s governments at or above the countylevel or the exit/entry border inspection authorities. Penalties involving theimposition of warnings or fines of not more than RMB 5,000 yuan may be decidedby the exit/entry administrations of public security organs under localpeople’s governments at or above the county level.

第七十一条有下列行为之一的,处一千元以上五千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并处二千元以上一万元以下罚款:

Article 71 Persons who commit any of the following actsshall be fined not less than RMB 1,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan;where circumstances are serious, such persons shall be detained for not lessthan five days but not more ten days and may also be fined not less than RMB2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan.

(一)持用伪造、变造、骗取的出境入境证件出境入境的;

(1) Exit or enter China with forged, altered orfraudulently obtained exit/entry documents;

(二)冒用他人出境入境证件出境入境的;

(2) Exit or enter China using others’ exit/entrydocuments;

(三)逃避出境入境边防检查的;

(3) Evade exit/entry border inspection; or

(四)以其他方式非法出境入境的。

(4) Illegally exit or enter China in any other way.

第七十二条协助他人非法出境入境的,处二千元以上一万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得。

Article 72 Persons who assist others in illegally exitingor entering China shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more thanRMB 10,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, they shall be detained fornot less than 10 days but not more than 15 days and shall also be fined notless than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan, and the illegalgains, if any, shall be confiscated.

单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。

Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in thepreceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not morethan RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any; andthe persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and otherpersons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with theprovisions in the preceding paragraph.

第七十三条弄虚作假骗取签证、停留居留证件等出境入境证件的,处二千元以上五千元以下罚款;情节严重的,处十日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款。

Article 73 Persons who obtain exit/entry documents suchas visas or stay or residence permits by resorting to fraudulent acts shall befined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan; wherecircumstances are serious, they shall be detained for not less than 10 days butnot more than 15 days and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan butnot more than RMB 20,000 yuan.

单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。

Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in thepreceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not morethan RMB 50,000 yuan; and the persons in charge of the entities who aredirectly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punishedin accordance with the provisions in the preceding paragraph.

第七十四条违反本法规定,为外国人出具邀请函件或者其他申请材料的,处五千元以上一万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并责令其承担所邀请外国人的出境费用。

Article 74 Persons who issue written invitations or otherapplication materials to foreigners in violation of this Law shall be fined notless than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan, with the illegalgains confiscated if there are any, and shall also be ordered to bear exitexpenses of the invited foreigners.

单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并责令其承担所邀请外国人的出境费用,对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。

Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in thepreceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not morethan RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any, andshall also be ordered to bear exit expenses of the invited foreigners; thepersons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and otherpersons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with theprovisions in the preceding paragraph.

第七十五条中国公民出境后非法前往其他国家或者地区被遣返的,出入境边防检查机关应当收缴其出境入境证件,出境入境证件签发机关自其被遣返之日起六个月至三年以内不予签发出境入境证件。

Article 75 Where Chinese citizens are repatriated due toillegally going to other countries or regions after exiting China, exit/entryborder inspection authorities shall confiscate their exit/entry documents.Exit/entry document issuing authorities shall refuse to issue new exit/entrydocuments to such citizens for a period ranging from six months to three yearscalculating from the date of their repatriation.

第七十六条有下列情形之一的,给予警告,可以并处二千元以下罚款:

Article 76 Under any of the following circumstances, awarning shall be given, and a fine of not more than RMB 2,000 yuan may also beimposed:

(一)外国人拒不接受公安机关查验其出境入境证件的;

(1) Foreignersrefuse to accept examination of their exit/entry documents by public securityorgans;

(二)外国人拒不交验居留证件的;

(2) Foreignersrefuse to submit their residence permits for examination;

(三)未按照规定办理外国人出生登记、死亡申报的;

(3) Personsconcerned fail to go through the formalities for foreigners’ birth registrationor death declaration in accordance with relevant regulations;

(四)外国人居留证件登记事项发生变更,未按照规定办理变更的;

(4) Foreigners fail to go through theformalities for altering registration in accordance with the relevantregulations when there is any change in the registered items in their residencepermits;

(五)在中国境内的外国人冒用他人出境入境证件的;

(5) Foreigners in China use others’exit/entry documents; or

(六)未按照本法第三十九条第二款规定办理登记的。

(6) Persons concerned fail to go throughregistration formalities in accordance with the provisions in the secondparagraph of Article 39 of this Law.

旅馆未按照规定办理外国人住宿登记的,依照《中华人民共和国治安管理处罚法》的有关规定予以处罚;未按照规定向公安机关报送外国人住宿登记信息的,给予警告;情节严重的,处一千元以上五千元以下罚款。

Hotels that fail to process accommodation registrationfor foreigners shall be punished in accordance with the relevant provisions ofthe Law of the People’s Republic of China on Penalties for Administration ofPublic Security; hotels that fail to submit foreigners’ accommodationregistration information to public security organs shall be given a warning;where circumstances are serious, such hotels shall be fined not less than RMB1,000 yuan but not more than RMB 5,000 yuan.

第七十七条外国人未经批准,擅自进入限制外国人进入的区域,责令立即离开;情节严重的,处五日以上十日以下拘留。对外国人非法获取的文字记录、音像资料、电子数据和其他物品,予以收缴或者销毁,所用工具予以收缴。

Article 77 Foreigners accessing foreigner-restrictedareas without approval shall be ordered to leave promptly; where circumstancesare serious, such foreigners shall be detained for not less than five days butnot more than ten days. The text records, audio-visual data, electronic dataand other articles illegally obtained thereof by the foreigners shall beconfiscated or destroyed, and the tools used for the aforementioned purposesshall be confiscated.

外国人、外国机构违反本法规定,拒不执行公安机关、国家安全机关限期迁离决定的,给予警告并强制迁离;情节严重的,对有关责任人员处五日以上十五日以下拘留。

Foreigners or foreign institutions refusing to executedecisions made by public security organs or national security organs orderingthem to relocate within a prescribed time limit shall be given a warning and berelocated mandatorily; where circumstances are serious, relevant responsiblepersons shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than fifteendays.

第七十八条外国人非法居留的,给予警告;情节严重的,处每非法居留一日五百元,总额不超过一万元的罚款或者五日以上十五日以下拘留。

Article 78 Foreigners who reside in China illegally shallbe given a warning; where circumstances are serious, they shall be imposed witha fine of RMB 500 yuan per day, with a cap of RMB 10,000 yuan in total, or bedetained for not less than five days but not more than 15 days.

因监护人或者其他负有监护责任的人未尽到监护义务,致使未满十六周岁的外国人非法居留的,对监护人或者其他负有监护责任的人给予警告,可以并处一千元以下罚款。

Where guardians or other persons responsible forguardianship fail to perform the guardian obligation and result in foreignersbelow 16 years of age residing in China illegally, the said guardians or otherobligated persons shall be given a warning and may also be fined not more thanRMB 1,000 yuan.

第七十九条容留、藏匿非法入境、非法居留的外国人,协助非法入境、非法居留的外国人逃避检查,或者为非法居留的外国人违法提供出境入境证件的,处二千元以上一万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得。

Article 79 Persons harboring or hiding foreigners whoillegally enter or reside in China, or assisting such foreigners in evadinginspection, or providing, in violation of the law, exit/entry documents forforeigners who illegally reside in China shall be fined not less than RMB 2,000yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan; where circumstances are serious, suchpersons shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than fifteendays and shall also be fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB20,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any.

单位有前款行为的,处一万元以上五万元以下罚款,有违法所得的,没收违法所得,并对其直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定予以处罚。

Entities engaging in any of the acts prescribed in thepreceding paragraph shall be fined not less than RMB 10,000 yuan but not morethan RMB 50,000 yuan, with the illegal gains confiscated if there are any; andthe persons in charge of the entities who are directly responsible and otherpersons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with theprovisions in the preceding paragraph.

第八十条外国人非法就业的,处五千元以上二万元以下罚款;情节严重的,处五日以上十五日以下拘留,并处五千元以上二万元以下罚款。

Article 80 Foreigners who work in Chinaillegally shall be fined not less than RMB 5,000 but not more than RMB 20,000yuan; where circumstances are serious, they shall be detained for not less thanfive days but not more than fifteen days and shall also be fined not less thanRMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan.

介绍外国人非法就业的,对个人处每非法介绍一人五千元,总额不超过五万元的罚款;对单位处每非法介绍一人五千元,总额不超过十万元的罚款;有违法所得的,没收违法所得。

Persons who introduce jobs to ineligible foreigners shallbe fined RMB 5,000 yuan for each job illegally introduced to one foreigner,with a cap of not more than RMB 50,000 yuan in total; and entities thatintroduce jobs to ineligible foreigners shall be fined RMB 5,000 yuan for eachjob illegally introduced to one foreigner, with a cap of RMB 100,000 yuan intotal; and the illegal gains, if any, shall be confiscated.

非法聘用外国人的,处每非法聘用一人一万元,总额不超过十万元的罚款;有违法所得的,没收违法所得。

Individuals or entities that illegally employ foreignersshall be fined RMB 10,000 yuan for each illegally employed foreigner, with acap of RMB 100,000 yuan in total; and the illegal gains, if any, shall beconfiscated.

第八十一条外国人从事与停留居留事由不相符的活动,或者有其他违反中国法律、法规规定,不适宜在中国境内继续停留居留情形的,可以处限期出境。

Article 81 Where foreigners engage in activities notcorresponding to the purposes of stay or residence, or otherwise violate thelaws or regulations of China, which makes them no longer eligible to stay orreside in China, they may be ordered to exit China within a time limit.

外国人违反本法规定,情节严重,尚不构成犯罪的,公安部可以处驱逐出境。公安部的处罚决定为最终决定。

Where a foreigner’s violation of this Law is serious butdoes not constitute a crime, the Ministry of Public Security may deport them.The penalty decision made by the Ministry of Public Security shall be final.

被驱逐出境的外国人,自被驱逐出境之日起十年内不准入境。

Deported foreigners shall not be allowed to enter Chinawithin 10 years calculating from the date of deportation.

第八十二条有下列情形之一的,给予警告,可以并处二千元以下罚款

Article 82 Under any of the following circumstances,relevant persons shall be given a warning and may also be fined not more thanRMB 2,000 yuan:

(一)扰乱口岸限定区域管理秩序的;

(1) Disrupt the administrative order of the restrictedzones of ports;

(二)外国船员及其随行家属未办理临时入境手续登陆的;

(2) Foreign seamen or their accompanying family membersdisembark without going through the formalities for temporary entry; or

(三)未办理登轮证件上下外国船舶的。

(3) Embark on or disembark from foreign ships withoutobtaining boarding passes.

违反前款第一项规定,情节严重的,可以并处五日以上十日以下拘留。

Persons who violate Subparagraph (1) of the precedingparagraph may be detained for not less than five days but not more than tendays if the circumstances are serious.

第八十三条交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,对其负责人处五千元以上五万元以下罚款:

Article 83 Where transport vehicles fall under any of thefollowing circumstances, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles shallbe fined not less than RMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 50,000 yuan:

(一)未经查验准许擅自出境入境或者未经批准擅自改变出境入境口岸的;

(1) Exit or enter China without examination and approval,or change the ports of exit or entry without approval;

(二)未按照规定如实申报员工、旅客、货物或者物品等信息,或者拒绝协助出境入境边防检查的;

(2) Fail to truthfully declare information of staff,passengers, goods or articles, or refuse to assist in exit/entry borderinspection; or

(三)违反出境入境边防检查规定上下人员、装卸货物或者物品的。

(3) Embark or disembark passengers, or load or unloadgoods or articles in violation of the regulations on exit/entry borderinspection.

出境入境交通运输工具载运不准出境入境人员出境入境的,处每载运一人五千元以上一万元以下罚款。交通运输工具负责人证明其已经采取合理预防措施的,可以减轻或者免予处罚。

Transport vehicles that exit or enter China carryingpersons who are not allowed to exit or enter China shall be fined not less thanRMB 5,000 yuan but not more than RMB 10,000 yuan for each aforesaid personcarried. Where the persons in charge of the transport vehicles prove that theyhave taken reasonable preventative measures, they may be given mitigatedpenalties or be exempt from penalties.

第八十四条交通运输工具有下列情形之一的,对其负责人处二千元以上二万元以下罚款;

Article 84 Where transport vehicles fall under any of thefollowing circumstances, the persons in charge of the transport vehicles shallbe fined not less than RMB 2,000 yuan but not more than RMB 20,000 yuan:

(一)中国或者外国船舶未经批准擅自搭靠外国船舶的;

(1) Chinese or foreign ships berthalongside foreign ships without approval;(二)外国船舶、航空器在中国境内未按照规定的路线、航线行驶的;

(2) Foreign shipsor aircrafts fail to navigate according to the prescribed routes in China; or

(三)出境入境的船舶、航空器违反规定驶入对外开放口岸以外地区的。

(3) Ships and aircrafts that exit or enter China accessareas outside the ports open to foreign countries.

第八十五条履行出境入境管理职责的工作人员,有下列行为之一的,依法给予处分:

Article 85 Where staff members performing the duty ofexit/entry administration commit any of the following acts, they shall be givendisciplinary sanctions in accordance with the law:

(一)违反法律、行政法规,为不符合规定条件的外国人签发签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件的;

(1) In violation oflaws or administrative regulations, issue exit/entry documents such as visas orstay or residence permits to foreigners who do not meet the prescribedconditions;

(二)违反法律、行政法规,审核验放不符合规定条件的人员或者交通运输工具出境入境的;

(2) In violation oflaws or administrative regulations, examine and allow the exit or entry ofpersons or transport vehicles that do not meet the prescribed conditions;

(三)泄露在出境入境管理工作中知悉的个人信息,侵害当事人合法权益的;

(3) Divulgepersonal information gained in exit/entry administration work and infringingthe legitimate rights and interests of relevant parties;

(四)不按照规定将依法收取的费用、收缴的罚款及没收的违法所得、非法财物上缴国库的;

(4) Fail to turnover in accordance with relevant regulations to the State Treasury the fees,fines or illegal gains or property that are collected or confiscated in accordancewith the law;

(五)私分、侵占、挪用罚没、扣押的款物或者收取的费用的;

(5) Privatelyshare, encroach on or misappropriate the funds or articles confiscated orseized or the fees collected; or

(六)滥用职权、玩忽职守、徇私舞弊,不依法履行法定职责的其他行为。

(6) Other failuresin performing statutory duties in accordance with the law, such as abuse ofpower, dereliction of duty, or resorting to malpractice for personal gain.

第八十六条对违反出境入境管理行为处五百元以下罚款的,出入境边防检查机关可以当场作出处罚决定。

Article 86 In thecase of violation of regulations on exit/entry administration and that a fineof not more than RMB 500 yuan should be imposed, the exit/entry borderinspection authorities may make a penalty decision on the spot.

第八十七条对违反出境入境管理行为处罚款的,被处罚人应当自收到处罚决定书之日起十五日内,到指定的银行缴纳罚款。被处罚人在所在地没有固定住所,不当场收缴罚款事后难以执行或者在口岸向指定银行缴纳罚款确有困难的,可以当场收缴。

Article 87 Personsor entities that are fined for violation of regulations on exit/entryadministration shall pay their fines in the designated banks within 15 daysfrom the date of receiving the written decision on penalty. Where it isdifficult to collect fines after a fine is imposed because the person or entitysubject to penalty has no fixed domicile in the place where the fine is imposedor it is difficult to pay fine to the designated bank at the port, the fine maybe collected on the spot.

第八十八条违反本法规定,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 88 Where aviolation of this Law constitutes a crime, criminal liabilities shall beinvestigated in accordance with the law.

第八章

Chapter VIIISupplementary Provisions

第八十九条本法下列用语的含义:

Article 89 Definitions of the following terms mentionedin this Law:

出境,是指由中国内地前往其他国家或者地区,由中国内地前往香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区,由中国大陆前往台湾地区。

Exit refers to leaving the Chinese mainland for othercountries orregions, for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or theMacao Special Administrative Region, or for Taiwan Region.

入境,是指由其他国家或者地区进入中国内地,由香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区进入中国内地,由台湾地区进入中国大陆。

Entry refers to entering the Chinese mainland from othercountries or regions, from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or theMacao Special Administrative Region, or from Taiwan Region.

外国人,是指不具有中国国籍的人。

Foreigners refer to persons without Chinese nationality.

第九十条经国务院批准,同毗邻国家接壤的省、自治区可以根据中国与有关国家签订的边界管理协定制定地方性法规、地方政府规章,对两国边境接壤地区的居民往来作出规定。

Article 90 Upon approval by the State Council, provincesand autonomous regions bordering on neighboring countries may, in accordancewith the boundary administration agreements signed by China with relevantcountries, formulate local regulations or local government rules to regulatethe association of residents in border areas of the two countries.

第九十一条外国驻中国的外交代表机构、领事机构成员以及享有特权和豁免的其他外国人,其入境出境及停留居留管理,其他法律另有规定的,依照其规定。

Article 91 Where there are other regulations on theadministration of the entry/exit, stay or residence of the members of foreigndiplomatic and consular missions in China, or the entry/exit, stay or residenceof other foreigners who enjoy diplomatic privileges and immunities, theseregulations shall prevail.

第九十二条外国人申请办理签证、外国人停留居留证件等出境入境证件或者申请办理证件延期、变更的,应当按照规定缴纳签证费、证件费。

Article 92 Foreigners who apply for exit/entry documentssuch as visas or foreigner stay or residence permits or apply for documentextension or alteration shall pay visa fees or document fees in accordance withrelevant regulations.

第九十三条本法自2013年7月1日起施行。《中华人民共和国外国人入境出境管理法》和《中华人民共和国公民出境入境管理法》同时废止。

Article 93 This Law shall come into force as of July 1,2013. The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and ExitAdministration of Foreigners and the Law of the People’s Republic of China onthe Entry and Exit Administration of Chinese Citizens shall be annulledsimultaneously.



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